Design analysis of hybrid silicon-on-nothing photonic crystal-nanoantenna structures for engineering of midinfrared radiative properties

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Electromagnetic (EM) behaviors of photonic crystals (PhCs) and nanoantenna (NA) arrays have been extensively studied and applied to a myriad of applications, including light absorption, surface-enhanced Raman scattering, light trapping in photovoltaics, and spectral narrowing of thermal emission. However, not many works have studied the integration of three-dimensional (3-D) PhCs and NA arrays into one structure mainly due to technical challenges in manufacturing 3-D PhCs. The present article reports the design analysis of a hybrid optical structure that has a gold rectangular NA array aligned on a 3-D silicon-on-nothing (SON) PhC substrate. By applying a continuous phase field model, we numerically simulate the formation of SON-PhC structures (i.e., a 3-D periodic array of spherical voids in silicon) during the high-temperature annealing process of a silicon substrate having vertical trenches. Photonic behaviors of the NA-on-SON PhC structure are computed using the finite-difference time-domain method. The obtained results exhibit the resonant absorption of midinfrared (mid-IR) light in the stopping bands of the SON-PhC (3.0 mu m < 2 < 7.5 mu m) by photon coupling with the free electron oscillations in each NA structure. This PhC-mediated NA resonance is manifested by highly concentrated electric fields at NA corners; the corresponding local field enhancement factor is one order of magnitude greater than that of the NA array on a bare silicon substrate. (C) 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Publisher
SPIE-SOC PHOTO-OPTICAL INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERS
Issue Date
2018-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF NANOPHOTONICS, v.12, no.2

ISSN
1934-2608
DOI
10.1117/1.JNP.12.026005
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/248325
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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