Design of an energy management technique for high endurance unmanned aerial vehicles powered by fuel and solar cell systems

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A hybrid electric propulsion system with a power switching technique is tested in flights of long endurance unmanned aerial vehicle, interchanging power supply between fuel and solar cell systems. A fuel cell system consists of a sodium borohydride-based hydrogen generator, a 300 W scale proton-exchange membrane fuel-cell stack that is connected with a battery and a customized controller. The solar cell system consists of a maximum power point track device, a battery and 80 W solar arrays on each wing. These two power sources are controlled by a power switching technique using solid-state relays, which selectively permit either one of the two power sources, or both, to meet the load variation during flight. Using this method, both power sources are independently operated to deliver necessary power to satisfy the load demand, which means that it can extend flight endurance by alternating between solar and fuel cells with high-system reliability. The flight test is conducted over a period of 1.5 h to evaluate the designed hybrid power system by switching from fuel cell power to solar cell power, and vice versa, thereby proving system reliability as well as extending the operational time for flight. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2018-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, v.43, no.20, pp.9787 - 9796

ISSN
0360-3199
DOI
10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.04.049
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/242543
Appears in Collection
AE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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