Person re-identification is the problem of recognizing people across different images or videos with non-overlapping views. Although a significant progress has been made in person re-identification over the last decade, it remains a challenging task because the appearances of people can seem extremely different across diverse camera viewpoints and person poses. In this paper, we propose a novel framework for person re-identification by analyzing camera viewpoints and person poses called poseaware multi-shot matching. It robustly estimates individual poses and efficiently performs multi-shot matching based on the pose information. The experimental results obtained by using public person re-identification data sets show that the proposed methods outperform the current state-of-the-art methods, and are promising for accomplishing person re-identification under diverse viewpoints and pose variances.