Reduced Graphene Oxide as a Catalyst Binder: Greatly Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Stability of Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 Photocathode for Solar Water Splitting

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The photoelectrochemical (PEC) properties of a Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 (CIGS) photocathode covered with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) as a catalyst binder for solar-driven hydrogen evolution are reported. Chemically reduced rGO with various concentrations is deposited as an adhesive interlayer between CIGS/CdS and Pt. PEC characteristics of the CIGS/CdS/rGO/Pt are improved compared to the photocathode without rGO due to enhancement of charge transfer via efficient lateral distribution of photogenerated electrons by conductive rGO to the Pt. More importantly, the introduction of rGO to the CIGS photocathode significantly enhances the PEC stability; in the absence of rGO, a rapid loss of PEC stability is observed in 2.5 h, while the optimal rGO increases the PEC stability of the CIGS photocathode for more than 7 h. Chemical and structural characterizations show that the loss of the Pt catalyst is one of the main reasons for the lack of long-term PEC stability; the introduction of rGO, which acts as a binder to the Pt catalysts by providing anchoring sites in the rGO, results in complete conservation of the Pt and hence much enhanced stability. Multiple functionality of rGO as an adhesive interlayer, an efficient charge transport layer, a diffusion barrier, and protection layer is demonstrated.
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2018-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION; GRAPHITE OXIDE; REDUCTION; PERFORMANCE; OXIDATION; CELLS; SEMICONDUCTORS; PHOTOANODES; NANOSHEETS; DENSITY

Citation

ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, v.28, no.16

ISSN
1616-301X
DOI
10.1002/adfm.201705136
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/242186
Appears in Collection
EEW-Journal Papers(저널논문)MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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