Alteration in the local and global functional connectivity of resting state networks in Parkinson’s disease

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Objective Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that mainly leads to the impairment of patients' motor function, as well as of cognition, as it progresses. This study tried to investigate the impact of PD on the resting state functional connectivity of the default mode network (DMN), as well as of the entire brain. Methods Sixty patients with PD were included and compared to 60 matched normal control (NC) subjects. For the local connectivity analysis, the resting state fMRI data were analyzed by seed-based correlation analyses, and then a novel persistent homology analysis was implemented to examine the connectivity from a global perspective. Results The functional connectivity of the DMN was decreased in the PD group compared to the NC, with a stronger difference in the medial prefrontal cortex. Moreover, the results of the persistent homology analysis indicated that the PD group had a more locally connected and less globally connected network compared to the NC. Conclusion Our findings suggest that the DMN is altered in PD, and persistent homology analysis, as a useful measure of the topological characteristics of the networks from a broader perspective, was able to identify changes in the large-scale functional organization of the patients' brain.
Publisher
The Korean Movement Disorder Society
Issue Date
2018-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

Journal of Movement Disorders, v.11, no.1, pp.13 - 23

ISSN
2005-940X
DOI
10.14802/jmd.17061
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/240236
Appears in Collection
BiS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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