Nanohole-structured, iron oxide-decorated and gelatin-functionalized graphene for high rate and high capacity Li-Ion anode

Graphene hybrid nanostructures have emerged as potential candidates as efficient anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. However, two-dimensional plate-like structures protect rapid transport of lithium ions through the thickness direction, resulting in a long pathway of lithium ions and low rate performances. Here, we report a nanohole-structured, iron oxide-decorated and gelatin-functionalized graphene (D-N-GG) for high rate and high capacity lithium-ion anode. Initially, to produce effective path way of lithium ions, physical nanoholes on the graphene layers were generated by microwave-irradiated iron nanoparticles. And then, the gelatin was used to form nitrogen-doped graphene having more active sites for lithium ion storage. Finally, D-N-GG was synthesized by two-step microwave irradiations shows a three-dimensional interconnected mesoporous structure with a uniform decoration of iron oxide nanoparticles on the nanohole-structured graphene, resulting in highly conductive networks and short diffusion lengths for effective lithium ion transport. As a result, the obtained D-N-GG nanostructure delivered a reversible capacity of 924 mAh g(-1) even over 40 cycles along with a coulombic efficiency in excess of 99%. Especially, even after 65 cycles with variable current density of 100-800 mA g(-1), the discharge capacity returned to 1096 mAh g(-1), which indicated a very stable and high-rate cyclic performance. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2017-08
Language
English
Keywords

LITHIUM STORAGE PROPERTIES; OXYGEN REDUCTION REACTION; HIGH-PERFORMANCE ANODES; DOPED GRAPHENE; REDUCED GRAPHENE; MULTIFUNCTIONAL APPLICATIONS; BATTERIES; AEROGELS; CARBON; ADSORPTION

Citation

CARBON, v.119, pp.355 - 364

ISSN
0008-6223
DOI
10.1016/j.carbon.2017.04.031
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/224508
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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