An aerodynamic model for insect flapping wings in forward flight

This paper proposes a semi-empirical quasi-steady aerodynamic model of a flapping wing in forward flight. A total of 147 individual cases, which consisted of advance ratios J of 0 ( hovering), 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1 and infinity, and angles of attack alpha of -5 to 95 degrees at intervals of 5 degrees, were examined to extract the aerodynamic coefficients. The Polhamus leading-edge suction analogy and power functions were then employed to establish the aerodynamic model. In order to preserve the existing level of simplicity, K-P and K-V, the correction factors of the potential and vortex force models, were rebuilt as functions of J and alpha. The estimations were nearly identical to direct force/moment measurements which were obtained from both artificial and practical wingbeat motions of a hawkmoth. The model effectively compensated for the influences of J, particularly showing outstanding moment estimation capabilities. With this model, we found that using a lower value of a during the downstroke would be an effective strategy for generating adequate lift in forward flight. The rotational force and moment components had noticeable portions generating both thrust and counteract pitching moment during pronation. In the upstroke phase, the added mass component played a major role in generating thrust in forward flight. The proposed model would be useful for a better understanding of flight stability, control, and the dynamic characteristics of flapping wing flyers, and for designing flapping-wing micro air vehicles.
Publisher
IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Issue Date
2017-06
Language
English
Keywords

LEADING-EDGE VORTICES; HAWKMOTH MANDUCA-SEXTA; LOW REYNOLDS-NUMBERS; MICRO-AIR VEHICLES; ADVANCE RATIO; ORNITHOPTER FLIGHT; FLOW STRUCTURE; STABILITY; DYNAMICS; FORCES

Citation

BIOINSPIRATION & BIOMIMETICS, v.12, no.3

ISSN
1748-3182
DOI
10.1088/1748-3190/aa640d
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/223644
Appears in Collection
AE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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