Fast, Scalable Synthesis of Micronized Ge3N4@C with a High Tap Density for Excellent Lithium Storage

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Nanostructuring has significantly contributed to alleviating the huge volume expansion problem of the Ge anodes. However, the practical use of nanostructured Ge anodes has been hindered due to several problems including a low tap density, poor scalability, and severe side reactions. Therefore, micrometer-sized Ge is desirable for practical use of Ge-based anode materials. Here, micronized Ge3N4 with a high tap density of 1.1 mg cm(-2) has been successfully developed via a scalable wet oxidation and a subsequent nitridation process of commercially available micrometer-sized Ge as the starting material. The micronized Ge3N4 shows much-suppressed volume expansion compared to micrometer-sized Ge. After the carbon coating process, a thin carbon layer (approximate to 3 nm) is uniformly coated on the micronized Ge3N4, which significantly improves electrical conductivity. As a result, micronized Ge3N4@C shows high reversible capacity of 924 mAh g(-1) (2.1 mAh cm(-2)) with high mass loading of 3.5 mg cm(-2) and retains 91% of initial capacity after 300 cycles at a rate of 0.5 C. Additionally, the effectiveness of Ge3N4@C as practical anodes is comprehensively demonstrated for the full cell, showing stable cycle retention and especially excellent rate capability, retaining 47% of its initial capacity at 0.2 C for 12 min discharge/charge condition.
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2017-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ION BATTERY ANODES; GERMANIUM NITRIDE; NANOWIRE HETEROSTRUCTURES; SILICON MONOXIDE; HIGH-CAPACITY; CARBON; ELECTRODES; GRAPHENE; BETA-GE3N4; PARTICLES

Citation

ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, v.27, no.14

ISSN
1616-301X
DOI
10.1002/adfm.201605975
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/223413
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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