Hyperbolic metamaterial-based near-field thermophotovoltaic system for hundreds of nanometer vacuum gap = 하이퍼볼릭 메타물질 기반의 근접장 열광전지 장치

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Artificially designed hyperbolic metamaterial (HMM) possesses extraordinary electromagnetic features different from those of naturally existing materials. In particular, evanescent waves originally existing in vacuum can be propagating inside HMMs if hyperbolic dispersion is satisfied. This characteristic of HMMs opens a novel way to spectrally control the near-field thermal radiation in which evanescent waves play a critical role. In this paper, we theoretically investigate the performance of a near-field thermophotovoltaic (TPV) energy conversion system in which a $W/SiO_2$ -multilayer-based HMM serves as the emitter at 1000 K and InAs works as the TPV cell at 300 K. By carefully designing the thickness of constituent materials of the HMM emitter, the electric power of the near-field TPV devices can be increased by about 6 times at 100 nm vacuum gap as compared to the case of the plain W emitter. Alternatively, the HMM emitter at experimentally achievable 100 nm vacuum gap performs equivalently to the plain W emitter at 18 nm vacuum gap. We show that the enhancement mechanism of the HMM emitter is due to the coupled surface plasmon modes at multiple metal-dielectric interfaces inside the HMM emitter. With the minority career transport model, the optimal p-n junction depth of the TPV cell has also been determined at various vacuum gaps.
Advisors
Lee, Bong Jaeresearcher이봉재researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 :기계공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2016
Identifier
325007
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 기계공학과, 2016.2 ,[iv, 33 p. :]

Keywords

Hyperbolic metamaterials; Surface plasmon polariton; Near-fifield thermal radiation; Thermophotovoltaic systen; Energy conversion; 하이퍼볼릭 메타물질; 표면 플라스몬 폴라리톤; 근접장 열전달; 열광전지 장치; 에너지 변환

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/221276
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=649285&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
ME-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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