Carbon dioxide conversion into boron/nitrogen dual-doped carbon as an electrode material for oxygen reduction reaction

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This study investigates the effect of boron/nitrogen (B/N) dual doping on the electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) of carbon materials that are derived from gaseous carbon dioxide (CO2) at 1 atm. In the presence of NaBH4, CO2 was converted to a B-doped carbon material which was further treated with urea at 850 degrees C for N-doping. Through RDE and RRDE measurements, the enhanced ORR activity of the B/N dual-doped carbon was confirmed in terms of both early onset potentials and large current densities. This arose from the existence of B-N related bond and pyridinic N in the carbon network. As the amount of N content increased, the carbon material became more crystalline and the B/N dual doping led to an increase in the electron transfer number of the carbon materials, implying that the ORR occurred through a dominant four-electron transfer pathway. By utilizing the abundant greenhouse gas as a carbon source, this study provides a facile means by which to synthesize B/N dual-doped carbon for enhanced electrocatalysis. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2016-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article; Proceedings Paper
Keywords

AMMONIA BORANE; RAMAN-SPECTROSCOPY; AMORPHOUS-CARBON; POROUS CARBON; NITROGEN; BORON; NANOTUBES; GRAPHENE; FILMS; CO2

Citation

ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, v.210, pp.743 - 753

ISSN
0013-4686
DOI
10.1016/j.electacta.2016.05.206
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/212346
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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