The impact of semiconductor technology scaling on CMOS RF and digital circuits for wireless application

The impact of CMOS technology sealing on the various radio frequency (RF) circuit components such as active, passive and digital circuits is presented. Firstly, the impact of technology sealing on the noise and linearity of the low-noise amplifier (LNA) is thoroughly analyzed. Then two new circuits, i.e., CMOS complementary parallel push-pull (CCPP) circuit and vertical-NPN (V-NPN) circuit for direct-conversion receiver (DCR), are introduced. In CCPP, the high RF performance of pMOS comparable to nMOS provides single ended differential RF signal processing capability without the use of a bulky balun. The use of parasitic V-NPN bipolar transistor, available in triple well CMOS technology, has shown to provide more than an order of magnitude improvement in 1/f noise and dc offset related problems, which have been the bottleneck for CMOS single chip integration. Then CMOS technology scaling for various passive device performances such as the inductor, varactor, MIM capacitor, and switched capacitor, is discussed. Both the forward scaling of the active devices and the inverse scaling of interconnection layer, i.e., more interconnection layers with effectively thicker total dielectric and metal layers, provide very favorable scenario for all passive devices. Finally, the impact of CMOS scaling on the various digital circuits is introduced, taking the digital modem blocks, the various digital calibration circuits, the switching RF power amplifier, and eventually the software defined radio, as examples.
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Issue Date
2005-07
Language
ENG
Article Type
Article
Keywords

MULTIPLE GATED TRANSISTORS; LOW-NOISE AMPLIFIER; MODEL; LINEARIZATION; MOSFETS; DESIGN; TRENDS; FUTURE; MIXER; CHIP

Citation

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, v.52, pp.1415 - 1422

ISSN
0018-9383
DOI
10.1109/TED.2005.850632
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/21046
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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