We successfully synthesized hydrothermally stable ZSM-5 with crystalline nano seeds. We employed a template-free method using ZSM-5 crystalline nano seeds and sodium silicate as a silica source. The prepared ZSM-5 exhibited uniform crystal size and relative crystallinity greater than 100 %. The size of the crystalline nano seed in the scale of 100 nm was found to be the optimum size for obtaining uniform, highly crystalline ZSM-5 with structural stability. After P-modification, the synthesized ZSM-5 with the optimally sized seed showed high hydrothermal stability and improved catalytic naphtha cracking activity compared to a commercial ZSM-5 catalyst. In order to find the elements for the increased hydrothermal stability, the samples were evaluated by studying crystallinity, aluminum spectrum, and acidity using XRD, solid-state NMR, and NH3-TPD, respectively after steaming at 800 A degrees C for 24 h. It is speculated that the increased hydrothermal stability of the ZSM-5 resulted mainly from the increased aluminum structural stability.