A miniaturized low-power wireless remote environmental monitoring system based on electrochemical analysis

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In this paper, we report a miniaturized low-power wireless remote environmental monitoring system. This system has been developed for on-site monitoring of water pollution by heavy-metal ions. The system is composed of three parts: an electrochemical sensor module using microfabricated electrodes for detecting heavy-metal contamination in sample water; a custom potentiostat module including readout circuitry, analog-to-digital converter and microcontroller; and a radio frequency (RF) module for sending detected signals to a base station through wireless communication. The electrochemical sensor module is implemented using microfabricated mercury working electrodes (WEs), solid-state reference electrode (SSRE), and platinum counter electrode (CE). For the low-power operation, direct frequency-shift keying (FSK) modulation and simple binary FSK demodulation methods are used for RF module which is realized using 0.18 mum CMOS technology. All the modules are hybrid integrated in a printed circuit board (PCB) and low-power consumption below 1 mW has been achieved. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Issue Date
2004-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article; Proceedings Paper
Keywords

STATE REFERENCE ELECTRODE; NATURAL-WATERS; HEAVY-METALS; ULTRAMICROELECTRODES; GROUNDWATER

Citation

SENSORS AND ACTUATORS B-CHEMICAL, v.102, no.1, pp.27 - 34

ISSN
0925-4005
DOI
10.1016/j.snb.2003.11.008
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/20898
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)RIMS Journal Papers
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