Mapping Human Terrain in the Joint Army-Navy Intelligence Study of Korea (1945)

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The concept of human terrain has become a prominent element of U.S. military strategy. It is a means to capture the cultural-geographical qualities of an enemy or target population. An early effort to map human terrain is found in the Joint Army-Navy Intelligence Study (JANIS) of Korea (1945). We argue that the JANIS report on Korea was paradigmatic for the U.S. military's contemporary geographical work and offers insights into the cultural politics of human terrain mapping. This explains why the JANIS text is cited by the National Geospatial-Intelligence College (NGC) today as an historical model. This article not only offers a window into the history of geography counterinsurgent but also shows that geography has been entwined with empire. ???????,??????????????????????????????????????????(1945)?????????(JANIS),???????????????????,JANIS??????,??????????????,??????????????????????????JANIS??,???????????????(NGC)??????????????????????????,?????,????????????? El concepto de terreno humano se ha convertido en un elemento prominente en la estrategia militar de los EE.UU. Es un medio para captar las cualidades geografico-culturales de un enemigo o de una poblacion objetivo. Uno de los primeros intentos de cartografiar el terreno humano se encuentra en el Estudio de Inteligencia Conjunto Ejercito-Armada (JANIS) sobre Corea (1945). Nuestra apreciacion es que el informe JANIS sobre Corea fue paradigmatico en el trabajo geografico contemporaneo de las fuerzas armadas norteamericanas, ademas de presentar enfoques notables en la politica cultural del mapeo del terreno humano. Esto nos explica por que el texto JANIS es hoy citado por la Universidad Nacional de Inteligencia Geoespacial (NGC) como un modelo historico. Este articulo no solo abre una ventana a la historia de la geografia de contrainsurgencia sino que tambien muestra que la geografia ha estado enredada con lo imperial.
Publisher
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Issue Date
2015-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

GEOGRAPHICAL INTELLIGENCE; COLD-WAR; IMAGINATION; SCIENCE

Citation

PROFESSIONAL GEOGRAPHER, v.67, no.4, pp.663 - 675

ISSN
0033-0124
DOI
10.1080/00330124.2015.1033668
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/207009
Appears in Collection
HSS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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