Electro-optical frequency division and stable microwave synthesis

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Optical frequency division by using frequency combs has revolutionized time keeping and the generation of stable microwave signals. We demonstrate optical frequency division and microwave generation by using a tunable electrical oscillator to create dual combs through phase modulation of two optical signals that have a stable difference frequency. Phase-locked control of the electrical oscillator by means of optical frequency division produces stable microwaves. Our approach transposes the oscillator and frequency reference of a conventional microwave frequency synthesizer. In this way, the oscillator experiences large phase noise reduction relative to the frequency reference. The electro-optical approach additionally relaxes the need for highly linear photodetection of the comb mode spacing. As well as simplicity, the technique is also tunable and scalable to higher division ratios.
Publisher
AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
Issue Date
2014-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

BRILLOUIN-FIBER-LASER; MACH-ZEHNDER MODULATOR; PHASE-NOISE; GENERATION; SILICON; CHIP; GHZ; STABILIZATION; RESONATOR; PHOTONICS

Citation

SCIENCE, v.345, no.6194, pp.309 - 313

ISSN
0036-8075
DOI
10.1126/science.1252909
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/198972
Appears in Collection
NT-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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