Self-aligned deterministic coupling of single quantum emitter to nanofocused plasmonic modes

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The quantum plasmonics field has emerged and been growing increasingly, including study of single emitter-light coupling using plasmonic system and scalable quantum plasmonic circuit. This offers opportunity for the quantum control of light with compact device footprint. However, coupling of a single emitter to highly localized plasmonic mode with nanoscale precision remains an important challenge. Today, the spatial overlap between metallic structure and single emitter mostly relies either on chance or on advanced nanopositioning control. Here, we demonstrate deterministic coupling between three-dimensionally nanofocused plasmonic modes and single quantum dots (QDs) without any positioning for single QDs. By depositing a thin silver layer on a site-controlled pyramid QD wafer, three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing on each QD at the pyramid apex is geometrically achieved through the silver-coated pyramid facets. Enhancement of the QD spontaneous emission rate as high as 22 +/- 16 is measured for all processed QDs emitting over similar to 150-meV spectral range. This approach could apply to high fabrication yield onchip devices for wide application fields, e.g., high-efficiency light-emitting devices and quantum information processing.
Publisher
NATL ACAD SCIENCES
Issue Date
2015-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

PHOTON SOURCE; RADIATIVE LIFETIME; DOTS; EXCITONS; NANOANTENNA; GENERATION; EMISSION; DEVICE; GAN

Citation

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, v.112, no.17, pp.5280 - 5285

ISSN
0027-8424
DOI
10.1073/pnas.1418049112
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/198573
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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