CONSPECTUS: As scientists in recent decades have discovered, selenium is an important trace element in life. The element is now known to play an important role in biology as an enzymatic antioxidant. In this case, it sits at the active site and converts biological hydrogen peroxides to water. Mimicking this reaction, chemists have synthesized several organoselenium compounds that undergo redox transformations. As such, these types of compounds are important in the future of both medicinal and materials chemistry. One main challenge for organochalcogen chemists has been to synthesize molecular probes that are soluble in water where a selenium or tellurium center can best modify electronics of the molecule based on a chemical oxidation or reduction event.