Cross-National Public Opinion on Climate Change: The Effects of Affluence and Vulnerability

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Climate change has emerged as one of the most important issues of the twentyfirst century. Recent opinion polls show rising public awareness of climate change. Yet considerable cross-national variation exists in the intensity of public concern and in public willingness to pay for addressing climate change. Drawing on twelve multinational surveys, we examine two aggregate conditionsa country's affluence and its vulnerability to climate risksas key factors underlying cross-national differences in public support for and commitment to costly climate policies. In contrast to the post-materialism thesis, we find strong concern about climate change to be higher in developing countries. Contrary to expectation, climate vulnerability had little effect on public concern, but did have significant impact on some measures of personal commitment and support for climate policies. The analysis indicates that, in most countries examined, high concern about climate change is only beginning to translate into personal commitment to action.
Publisher
MIT PRESS
Issue Date
2014-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS, v.14, no.1, pp.79 - 106

ISSN
1526-3800
DOI
10.1162/GLEP_a_00215
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/187244
Appears in Collection
STP-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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