Regulation of adipogenic differentiation by protein lysine acetylation = 단백질 아세틸화에 의한 지방세포 분화의 조절기전 규명

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Acetylation is one of the most crucial post-translational modifications affecting the protein function. Protein acetylation was catalyzed by acetyltransferase, and acetyl-CoA is the source of the acetyl group incorporated into certain lysine residues of proteins. Additionally, acetyl-CoA has been known to play critical roles to balance between carbohydrate metabolism and fatty acid synthesis. In this study, we have attempted to study whether lysine acetylation is an important process during adipocyte differentiation. Adipogenesis was significantly reduced by treatment with lysine deacetylase inhibitor TSA. Through acetylome analysis during adipogenesis, various proteins displaying significant quantitative changes were identified by LC-MS/MS analysis. Among these, malate dehydrogenase 1 (MDH1) is focused. The acetylation level of MDH1 increased up to 5-fold at late stage of adipogenesis. Moreover, overexpression of MDH1 in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes induces the significant promotion of the adipogenesis. The introduction of mutations to putative lysine acetylation sites (especially at Lys-118) showed significantly loss of promotion effect of adipogenic differentiation. Furthermore, the acetylation of MDH1 induced the dramatic enhanced enzymatic activity and subsequently intracellular NADPH level. Additionally, the effects of acetylation of malate dehydrogenase 2 and prohibitin on adipogenesis were examined. The results clearly suggest that the adipogenic differentiation could be regulated by acetylation of various metabolic proteins and that the protein lysine acetylation is one of the cross-talk mechanisms between adipogenesis and intracellular physiological states.
Advisors
Seo, Yeon-Sooresearcher서연수Lee, Sang-Chul이상철
Description
한국과학기술원 : 생명과학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2012
Identifier
511416/325007  / 020095037
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생명과학과, 2012.8, [ vii, 100 p. ]

Keywords

protein acetylation; Acetyl-CoA; Malate dehydrogenase 1; Adipogenesis; 단백질 아세틸화; 아세틸조효소에이; 말산탈수소효소 1; 비만; 지방생성; obesity

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/179821
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=511416&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
BS-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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